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How To Measure Your Roof Online Using Google Earth

Roofing Quote Footage is Not the Same as Home Square Footage

Depending on where the information is coming from is going to determine the basis on which the estimated roof footage is calculated. The roof square footage is what we (roofing contractor) need to calculate a budget quote to do the job.

Measuring the Roof’s Pitch

The incline or pitch of a roof can be easily measured with a level, tape measure, and a pencil. The roof’s pitch is the number of inches the roof rises in 12 inches. Therefore, mark off 12 inches on the level and place it down horizontally against the roof rafter.

Next, measure vertically from the 12-inch mark on the level straight up to the underside of the rafter, as illustrated below. That measurement is the number of inches the roof rises in 12 inches.

Some homes will have roofs with multiple pitches. Porches and dormer windows, for example, can have a different pitch from that of the rest of the house. For an accurate surface area measurement you should make note of these additional structures.

Using the table below, lookup the pitch/es and make a note of the number/s in the multiplier column. 

How to use the google maps area calculator tool to measure a roof

Special precautions must be taken when measuring the area of a roof. The images that appear on google maps are often at a slight angle, which combined with the angle of a roof can cause errors. For this reason it is best to outline the roof at points which are all at the same elevation. On a simple house for instance you would only click on the corners of the roof and not on any points along the peak as that would cause an error. After measuring the area of the footprint you can estimate the actual roof area based on the angle of the roof. Similarly if you using the area calculator tool to measure a roof with multiple levels, you should do the individual section separately. The google maps area calculator is not 100% accurate. Do not rely on this tool as your only resource in making important decisions.

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How do you calculate the fall on a flat roof?

How to Calculate Roof Pitch in Degrees
  1. First, you need to measure the run of your roof. …
  2. Next, you need to figure out the rise. …
  3. Now, divide the rise by the run. …
  4. Then, divide 1 by your tangent.
  5. Finally, multiply this result by 180/π and you’ve calculated your roof pitch!
A flat roof is generally any roof with a pitch of 1-10 degrees. That means flat roofs aren’t actually flat. It may look horizontal but often has a minimum slope of 1/4 inch per foot. This allows water to run off the roof to prevent damage.
Generally, roof pitch is calculated from the same formula that describes a right triangle. You can use the following equations to find the length of the rafter and the slope: rafter² = rise² + run² (from the Pythagorean theorem); rise / run = pitch , where pitch is expressed in percent; and.
 
To calculate percent slope, divide the difference between the elevations of two points by the distance between them, then multiply the quotient by 100. The difference in elevation between points is called the rise. The distance between the points is called the run. Thus, percent slope equals (rise / run) x 100.
Pick two points on the line and determine their coordinates. Determine the difference in y-coordinates of these two points (rise). Determine the difference in x-coordinates for these two points (run). Divide the difference in y-coordinates by the difference in x-coordinates (rise/run or slope).

 

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How to measure a roof and calculate square feet.

How do I Measure a flat roof?

Just measure the length and width of each plane on the roof, including dormers. Then, multiply length x width to get the square footage of each plane. Simply add the square footage of each of the planes together to derive the total square footage of your roof.

How to calculate a flat roof area in square metres. Measure the length and width of the structure from the outside for accuracy. Multiply the two figures to calculate the square meterage of the flat roof. E.G. 4 metres (length) multiplied by 3 metres (width) = 12 square metres in total.
Two feet is the general maximum length for a typical roof overhang. This will protect a roof from most types of damage. Roof overhangs can extend farther than 2 feet, but beyond this length, they begin to lose structural integrity and require external support.
A flat roof is generally any roof with a pitch of 1-10 degrees. That means flat roofs aren’t actually flat. It may look horizontal but often has a minimum slope of 1/4 inch per foot. This allows water to run off the roof to prevent damage.
Roof cost by material type. The average cost for a new asphalt roof in 2021 was about $28,256. Inflation was up 8.5% on average for the last 12 months (ending in March 2022). With this in mind, you can estimate that the average price for an asphalt roof will be about $30,700 in 2022.
Asphalt shingles are most often allowed in up to two layers, but no more. For flat roofs, materials such as EPDM and TPO are usually approved for use up to two layers.
The smallest pitch of a roof is 1/4:12, which translates to 1/4 inch rise to 12 inches of run. Such a small pitch can only work with built-up roofing or specialized synthetic roofing. Covered porches that are near trees or in areas with heavy rains should not be covered with a low-slope roof.
If your roof was properly installed, your attic is adequately ventilated, and your roof is maintained, it will get as close as possible to the maximum lifespan. This means you shouldn’t need a replacement for around 20 years or even up to around 50 years (or longer), depending on what kind of roofing material you have.

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How To Measure a Flat Roof?

Just measure the length and width of each plane on the roof, including dormers. Then, multiply length x width to get the square footage of each plane. Simply add the square footage of each of the planes together to derive the total square footage of your roof.

What is the easiest way to measure a roof?

Multiply the area by the pitch multiplier to get the roof’s square footage. First, multiply the length by the width. Then, take the product of these two dimensions and multiply it by your pitch multiplier. The number you get will be an accurate estimate of how much area you have to cover for your roofing project.

How do you find the slope on a flat roof?

For drainage purposes, the current building codes require a minimum two percent slope or a one-fourth unit vertical for every 12 units horizontal. In other words, the roof must slope one-fourth of an inch for every 12 inches. The slope is barely noticeable to the naked eye.

Roof Measuring

If your roof is too steep to navigate safely, you can use one of two alternatives. If you have an attic that you can easily access, measure the roof from the inside of the attic. Otherwise, measure the length of the roof by measuring the length of the wall that it hangs over and add a foot for overhang. Using a ladder, stand at the edge of the roof and measure the width by feeding a stiff measuring tape from edge to the peak of the roof. Repeat this for all sections of the roof, and then multiply the length and width of each section to get total square footage.

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There are 12 roofing squares in 1200 square feet. The surface of roofs is basically measured in squares. One square is equal to 100 square feet of the roof. To calculate the number of squares of the roof, divide the total square feet by 100.
Around 1,700 square feet The typical residential roof size in the United States is roughly 1,700 square feet, or 17 squares, while many bigger homes have roofs that are well over 2,000 square feet, or 20 squares. Larger residential homes with garages can often reach 3,000 square feet, or 30 squares.

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How to Measure a Roof From the Ground?

Techniques for How to Measure a Roof From the Ground

For rectangular roof sections:

  1. On standard gable roofs with rectangular sections, you can count the shingles and calculate the size. This works because 3-tab shingles are about 12 inches wide by 6 inches high.
  2. Working left to right, count how many shingles that you see in a row.
  3. The number of shingles represents the section’s width in feet.
  4. Write down the width number.
  5. Count the rows of shingles upward from the gutter to the peak.
  6. Divide the row number by 2 to arrive at the height of the section in feet.
  7. Write down the height number.
  8. Multiple width by height to calculate square footage for the section.
  9. Repeat the shingle count method for every section of roof.
  10. Add all square footages for each section to get the total square footage covered by shingles.

Slope

Slope is the incline of the roof expressed as a ratio of the vertical rise to the horizontal run, where the run is some portion of the span. This ratio is always expressed as inches per foot.

Slope Ratio

A roof that rises 4 inches for every 1 foot or 12 inches of run is said to have a “4 in 12” slope. If the rise is 6 inches for every 12 inches of run, then the roof slope is “6 in 12.”

The slope can be expressed numerically as a ratio. The slope ratio represents a certain amount of vertical rise for every 12 inches of horizontal run. For example, a “4 in 12” slope can be expressed as the ratio of 4:12. A “6 in 12” slope is expressed as 6:12.

 

Pitch

Pitch is the incline of the roof expressed as a fraction derived by dividing the rise by the span, where the roof span is the distance between the outside of one wall’s top plate to another.

Degrees converted to roof pitch

9.5° = 2:12,  14° = 3:12,  18.5° = 4:12,  22.5° = 5:12,

26.5° = 6:12,  30° = 7:12,   33.5° = 8:12,   37° = 9:12,

40° = 10:12,    42.5° = 11:12,   45° = 12:12

Measuring the area of your roof is not always a simple process. In fact, it can be challenging to determine the square footage, especially if you have an irregular-shaped roof or if your roof has multiple dormers, valleys, hips, and ridge lines. However, getting a precise measurement is crucial if you want to purchase the correct amount of materials. If you are not confident in your ability to get a precise measurement, or if you do not feel comfortable going on your roof, consider hiring a professional to make the measurements and calculations for you.

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How Many Bundles of Shingles Will You Need

The average bundle of shingles covers 33.3 ft2, so three bundles of shingles are needed per square. Asphalt shingles range in price from about $25 per bundle for a standard 3-tab style to around $50-$75 or more for an upgraded architectural style.

How Many Rolls of Felt Will You Need

Roofing felt is sold by the roll. The average roll of 15-pound roofing felt covers about 400 ft2, or 4 squares, while the average roll of 30-pound roofing felt covers about 200 ft2, or 2 squares.

Rolls of felt are 36″ wide x 144′ long for 15# and 72′ long for 30#. Consider other underlayment options as needed, such as rubber or tar products.

How Many Nails Will You Need

Nails will also be required for any roofing project. The average 3-tab shingle needs four nails per shingle. High wind areas and other types of shingles may need more. 320 nails will be needed to install a square of standard 3-tab shingles, assuming four nails per shingle and 80 shingles per square.

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Estimate Roof Square Footage Google Maps

Tips:
  1. On your computer, open Google Earth.
  2. Search for a place, or select a location on the globe.
  3. On the left, click Measure. . …
  4. Click the map to set measurement points.
  5. To remove a point, on the right, click Undo .
  6. To complete your line measurement, double-click on your last point, or click Done.
Right-click on the map at your starting point and choose the Measure distance option. Add points around the location’s boundary. Once you close the shape by clicking on the starting point, the Google Maps area calculator will automatically process the area of your shape.
Comparisons are made at sites in various states including rural and urban locations. The comparisons show that Google Earth images yield reasonably accurate measurements (RMSE 0.569 feet) over the scale of typical accident reconstruction distances.
First, measure the length and width of each surface on the roof, then multiply these values to get the square footage of that surface. Make sure to document the number of chimneys, skylights or other obstructions and include dormers in your measurements.
There are 12 roofing squares in 1200 square feet. The surface of roofs is basically measured in squares. One square is equal to 100 square feet of the roof. To calculate the number of squares of the roof, divide the total square feet by 100.
For a 1500 square foot house, you will need approximately 19 squares or 57 bundles or 1653 pieces of 3-tab standard-sized shingles (12 inch by 36 inch) when overhangs is 1 feet and roof slope is 4/12.
Once you’ve determined the square footage you need to cover, you can figure out the number of bundles you need by dividing the total square footage by 33. Example: if you have 2,000 square feet of roof to cover, that means you’d need about 60 bundles (2,000 divided by 33 is about 60).
The average cost for a square of roof shingles, which is 100 square feet, ranges from $170 to $400, depending on materials used. On the low end, asphalt shingles cost an average of about $150 per square, while high-end slate shingles average around $1,200 per square.
 
roofer

How to measure a roof for shingles calculator

This makes it relatively easy to figure out how many shingle bundles your roof requires: simply multiply the number of roofing squares by three. If your roof’s area were equivalent to about 20 roofing squares, then you would need about 60 bundles of shingles.
A square of shingles is the quantity needed to cover 100 sq.ft.of roof. Shingles are packaged in paper- or plastic-wrapped bundles designed to be light enough for a person to carry, so heavier shingles require more bundles per square.
Thus, to cover roof of a 1500 square foot house, you would need 57 bundles of shingles. Thus, it will take 57 bundles of 3-tab standard size shingles (12″×36″) to cover roof of 1500 square feet house. Thus, there are 57 bundles of standard size 3-tab shingles you will need to cover roof of 1500 square feet house.
Asphalt shingles and most other roof shingles are typically available in bundles. For each roofing square or 100 sq ft, you will need three bundles of shingles. The average size of 12×12 shed roof is 3 squares, which typically requires 9 bundles of three-tab asphalt shingles or any other starter strips.
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A package of shingles is called a bundle. There are between 15 and 29 shingles in a bundle. A bundle typically covers 33 square feet regardless of shingle type. Divide total square footage by 33 to find how many bundles you need.
You will need approximately 42 bundles of standard size 3-tab asphalt shingles (14×3 = 42 bundles) or 56 bundles of architectural shingles (14×4 = 56 bundles) for 1,400 square feet. Thus, for a 1400 square foot gable roof, you would need 42 bundles of shingles plus 10% of ridge, starter and wastages.
How many roofing squares is 1600 square feet? So a roof that has 1600 square feet of area has 16 squares. Remember that unless the roof is flat, the square footage of the building is different than the square footage of the roof.
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For a 1800 square foot house, you will need approximately 23 squares or 69 bundles or 2000 pieces of 3-tab standard-sized shingles (12 inch by 36 inch) when overhangs is 1 feet and roof slope is 4/12.
 
A roofing square is equal to 100 feet on your roof. If your roof measures at 1800 square feet, you would need 18 squares of shingles to cover your roof.
With that said, on average, most roofing companies will charge somewhere between $3.50 and $5.50 per square foot, or $350 to $550 per square (100 square feet) to install or replace an asphalt shingle roof.
 
Multiply the product by the flat roof area and divide by 100:- our 12×16 shed square footage with overhangs is 252 sq ft, so 1.118 x 252 = 282 square feet, 282 / 100 = 2.82 squares. Round this number up and thats your answer, 3 squares!

How to Manually Measure a Roof

To manually measure a roof without the help of aerial measurement reports, you must visit a job site and climb onto the roof to take precise roofing measurements by hand. Here are the 6 steps to get a manual roofing measurement.

 
  1. Measure the width and length of each plane of the roof (including dormers), and then multiply those numbers to get the correct figure for the square footage of that area.
    Example: Plane 1 (A x B): 50’ x 20’ = 1000 sq ft
    Plane 2 (A x C): 50’ x 20’ = 1000 sq ft
  2. Note any skylights, chimneys or other parts of the roof that would not require materials. You can subtract those measurements from your total area.
  3. Add together the calculated square footage of each surface to get the figure for total square footage of the roof.
    Example: Plane 1 (1000 sq ft) + Plane 2 (1000 sq ft) = 2000 sq ft
Diagram of roof planes to calculate square footage.
  1. After determining the total square footage of the roof, you must calculate the pitch of the roof. Measure the vertical distance (rise) over a 12 inch horizontal segment (run).
    Example: The rise of this roof is 5”.
  2. Write down these numbers as the vertical measurement listed first and the horizontal measurement recorded second so you can find rise over run.
    Example: The rise over run of this roof is 5” over 12”.
  3. When you have the total square footage and rise over run of the roof, you can calculate the roof squares to determine how much materials are needed to cover the roof. To calculate the number of squares on a roof, you need to divide its total square feet by 100.
    Example: 1000 sq ft / 100 = 10 squares

With those roofing measurement figures, you can then estimate the roofing supplies needed for a job.

Our  Roof Measurement Technologies produces roof charts wherein we take most extreme consideration of the multitude of subtleties like deterrents on roofs, accurate pitch estimation by seeing various appearances on Aerial Photos (East, West, North, and South) additionally lengths of the Eaves, hips, valleys, rakes, overhang, the space of every aspect and absolute space of the roof. Additionally, significance is given while appointing line ID as this is pivotal in planning roof outlines. For setting up the roof graphs we just need the location of the structure and we can give you the roof outline of the structure with definite precision. The estimations are taken from satellite and ethereal pictures that are regularly as, or more precise, than estimations taken from the site. We are comfortable working with Google Earth, BING, and Pictometry picture sources. Our twofold check quality methodology helps us giving quality yield to our clients.

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Roof Measurement Report And Prices

Skyroofmeasure is the app for roofing contractors that provides fast and accurate roofing measurements, compelling reports and documents, and professional estimates designed to offer your customers options. Skyroofmeasure is the most robust roofing-specific software on the market.

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BENEFITS:

  • Faster Bids: The Skyroofmeasure Reports enable roofers to compile fast, competitive bids. Delivered in just one hour, the report lists the number of squares and predominant pitch for a residential roof. When contractors upgrade to an Skyroofmeasure Report, they can deduct the cost of the  Report from the total price.
  • Greater Profitability: With an Skyroofmeasure Report, roofers receive the highly accurate roof measurements and diagrams they need to complete the job. Those precise details result in more efficient material orders and production plans, leading to less waste and increased profits.
  • Superior Accuracy: Before using Skyroofmeasure Reports, one group of contractors required material redeliveries 46% of the time and pickups 37% of the time. After switching to Skyroofmeasure Reports, only two of their jobs needed redeliveries, and the number of pickups fell to zero.
  • Professional Estimates: The Skyroofmeasure reports are delivered as a professional document with a customizable cover page included at no additional cost to the contractor. The property owner report offers a professional presentation utilizing  aerial imagery and the Skyroofmeasure 3D model. The ability to leave impressive aerial views with customers along with rapid estimates brands the company as forward thinking and reliable.
  • Negotiate and track labor charges: No haggling over steep charges or other crew payment issues when using Skyroofmeasure reports. Accurate pitch, area and line measurements make tracking labor easy and collaborative. Instead of square measurement disagreements, all parties can use the measurements for rapid and profitable labor and production.
  • Increase the number of sales calls made in a day: Contractors receive the measurements and information needed to prepare proposals ahead of time. Spend time selling, not measuring and estimating. The time saved means more calls can be made in a day resulting in more closed sales.
To determine if a roof is square, measure from the eaves to the ridge at several points along the roof to see how parallel they run. Do the same from one gable end to the other to determine parallel and also measure the roof diagonally.
 
How many roofing squares is 1600 square feet? So a roof that has 1600 square feet of area has 16 squares. Remember that unless the roof is flat, the square footage of the building is different than the square footage of the roof.

Asphalt three-tab shingles cost around $1 to $2 per square foot.

Price of Roofing Shingles Per Square Foot.

Roof AreaCost of Shingles
Roof AreaCost of Shingles
750 square feet$700 – $800
1,000 square feet$910 – $1,100
1,500 square feet$1,400 – $1,600
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Roof replacement cost for different roofing materials

Roofing materialAverage cost per square footAverage total replacement cost*
Asphalt shingles$3.40 – $5.95$5,840 – $10,100
Metal roofing$6.00 – $24.50$10,245 – $41,640
Tile roofing$6.30 – $12.30$10,665 – $20,900
Wooden shakes / shingles$6.00 – $9.15$10,230 – $15,500

The average cost to replace a roof can vary quite a bit. The typical range for roof replacement costs is between $5,100 and $10,000, but roof replacement can be as low as $1,200 or as high as $30,000. Many roofing companies will charge between $3.50 and $5.00 per square foot.

This results in a wide range of costs associated with replacing your roof . The state average cost to replace a roof is $6,000 to $20,000, with most homeowners paying around $12,000 for a 2,000 sq. ft. roof replacement using hail-resistant architectural shingles.
 
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Tile and Asphalt are the most used materials for roofing, and they’re manufactured with the usage of concrete, clay or oil. The rise of oil prices can directly impacted asphalt shingles to become more costly. Furthermore, the cost of disposing old and damaged materials has also increased in the recent years.
In 2022, roofing material prices increased by about 6%-8%, and may continue to rise by 10%-12% within the next year. This includes the prices for shingles, underlayment, decking, and other essential materials for a high-quality roof.
That’s for good reason. Asphalt is the cheapest of all roofing materials in the market and will last you between 15 to 30 years. This is the best option for homeowners facing budgetary constraints. It is also widely available and comes in a variety of colors.
Roofing material that lasts the longest are concrete, clay or slate tiles. These materials significantly outperform other natural products like wood shakes or any manufactured roofing materials including asphalt shingles and metal roofing. Although these materials have a good lifespan, they are not as durable.
Metal roofing is by far one of the best choices you can make for your roof in general. They’re the most energy-efficient roof for residential installations, can last more than 50 years, and require very little maintenance. Metal roofs are very reflective, which is why they get so hot to the touch.

Sky Roof Measure provides industry leading takeoff and estimating reports for professional construction contractors. Please Email : [email protected]

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How Much Does A New Roof Cost?

The national average cost to replace a roof is around $8,000, with most people spending in the range of $5,500 to $11,000. The two largest variables you’ll deal with on a job like this are the square footage of your home (and thus, your roof), and the type of roofing material you choose.

Price of Roofing Shingles Per Square Foot
Roof AreaCost of Shingles
1,000 square feet$910 – $1,100
1,500 square feet$1,400 – $1,600
1,750 square feet$1,600 – $1,850
2,000 square feet$1,810 – $2,110

How Much Does It Cost to Replace a Roof on a 2000 Square Foot house in Florida?

In Florida, the estimated replacement of the roof is around $7000-$7200. Homeowners could expect more since the costing may vary depending on the choice of contractor, as there are factors to consider.

In general, this is the recommended replacement schedule based on the material used: Composition Shingles: 12-20 years. Asphalt Shingles: 15-30 years. Wood Shingles: 20-25 years.
Roof Calculations of Slope, Rise, Run, Area
To answer the question concisely: Yes, insurance will cover a 15-year-old roof in many cases. Insurance companies won’t just pay to replace a roof because it’s old, but if your old roof has significant damage caused by insurable events then it’s highly probable that they’ll pay for roof repairs or a roof replacement.
Asphalt Roofing Shingles

Relatively lightweight, inexpensive, and easy to install, asphalt shingles are the best choice for most houses. They come in sheets that are layered on a roof to give the illusion of more expensive single shingles, such as cedar and slate, that are installed one shingle at a time.
If your roof has sprouted a moss infection, you can remove it before it becomes serious enough to impact the performance of your roof. Moss is tough and typically you will not be able to remove it by hand. However, you can use a chemical solution to loosen the moss without damaging the shingles.

What Roofing Material Lasts the Longest?

  • Wood shakes and shingles: 15 to 20 years.
  • Asphalt shingles: 10 to 30 years.
  • Metal/steel: 50+ years.
  • Slate: 50+ years.
  • Tile and concrete: 50+ years.
  • Foam: 25+ years.
  • Built-Up roofs: 25-30 years.
  • Single-Ply: 30+ years.
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How many squares does it take to roof a 2000 square foot home?

How many shingles do I need to protect my roof?

The surface area of your roof will affect the number of bundles or squares you need. A 2,000 square foot roof requires 20 squares or 60 bundles.

A roofing square is equal to 100 square feet of the roof. To determine the number of squares on the gable roof example in this post, divide its total of 2400 square feet by 100 (2400 ÷ 100 = 24). This means you would need 24 squares of shingles to cover that roof.
One square is equal to 100 square feet. Examples where the unit is used are roofing shingles, metal roofing, vinyl siding, and fibercement siding products. Some home builders use squares as a unit in floor plans to customers.
A square of shingles is the quantity needed to cover 100 sq. ft. of roof. Shingles are packaged in paper- or plastic-wrapped bundles designed to be light enough for a person to carry, so heavier shingles require more bundles per square.
aerial roof measurement
Asphalt three-tab shingles cost around $1 to $2 per square foot.

Price of Roofing Shingles Per Square Foot.
Roof AreaCost of Shingles
750 square feet$700 – $800
1,000 square feet$910 – $1,100
1,500 square feet$1,400 – $1,600
The size of a three-bedroom home can vary depending on the size of additional rooms, with an average of 1,200-1,300 square feet. This is equivalent to 110-120 square metres.
There are 12 roofing squares in 1200 square feet. The surface of roofs is basically measured in squares. One square is equal to 100 square feet of the roof. To calculate the number of squares of the roof, divide the total square feet by 100.
With that said, on average, most roofing companies will charge somewhere between $3.50 and $5.50 per square foot, or $350 to $550 per square (100 square feet) to install or replace an asphalt shingle roof.
 
By saying this, you might already realize that the difference between a 30-year shingle and a 50-year one is how long the product is guaranteed to last. In other words, 30-year architectural shingles are covered by the manufacturer from any unforeseen defects that could occur once the shingles are installed.
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How do I calculate roof covering area?

Multiply your house length by your house width to get the area. (For example, 40 feet x 30 feet = 1,200 square feet.) Next, multiply the area by your roof’s pitch. (1,200 x 1.05 = 1,260 square feet.)

Divide the total roof area by 32 to get the number of sheets you will need to cover the roof. A typical 4 foot by 8 foot sheet of plywood covers 32 square feet. If your roof area is 1,600 square feet, 1,600 divided by 32 will mean you need about 50 sheets to cover the roof.
1 square is equal to 100 square feet of the roof. To determine the amount of squares you’ll need for your old or new roof, just divide the total square footage by 100. The number of bundles you’ll need for your home will depend on how many squares your roof is.
roof
A roofing square is an area of roof that measures 10 by 10 feet to make up a total of 100 square ft. This critical unit of measurement helps your contractor determine how much material they’ll need to order for your roofing project, from underlayment to bundles of roof shingles.

Roofing Quote Footage is Not the Same as Home Square Footage


Depending on where the information is coming from is going to determine the basis on which the estimated roof footage is calculated. The roof square footage is what we (roofing contractor) need to calculate a budget quote to do the job.
Foam backed polycarbonate and clear polycarbonate roofing options are the most commonly used types of polycarbonate sheets. Foam-backed polycarbonate roof sheets are lightweight and durable. They are installed in industrial buildings, like warehouses, because of their longevity and strength.
These single wide homes all have 3-bedrooms, 2-bathrooms, and a single living room. They all include kitchen appliances as well. The homes are 1140-1178 square feet.
Roof Area Calculation

How to Calculate Roof Areas?

Multiply your house length by your house width to get the area. (For example, 40 feet x 30 feet = 1,200 square feet.) Next, multiply the area by your roof’s pitch. (1,200 x 1.05 = 1,260 square feet.)
sky roof

Finding the Size of the Roof in Squares


A square simply refers to a 10′ x 10′ square of roofing. This is simply 100 square feet of roof. To find the squares, divide the overall roof area by 100 and then round up. For instance, if the roof is 1550 square feet, then it is 16 squares.

Since there are twenty six shingles in a bundle of twenty year shingles (which is fine for starters and edges), divide the result by twenty six. For the number of ridge caps, multiply the length of the hip or ridge by twelve and divide it by five. This house is 1000 square feet. It requires 18 squares of shingles.

How many squares is 900 square feet?

Conversions Table
10 Square Feet to Roofing Squares = 0.1800 Square Feet to Roofing Squares = 8
20 Square Feet to Roofing Squares = 0.2900 Square Feet to Roofing Squares = 9
30 Square Feet to Roofing Squares = 0.31,000 Square Feet to Roofing Squares = 10
 

Sky Roof Measure provides industry leading takeoff and  Roof  estimating Reports for professional construction contractors. Please Email : [email protected]

Can I get roof measurements from Google Maps? How do you measure a roof without measuring it?
A 200 square foot space is about the size of a one-car garage. In other words, the average car could fit into 200 square foot place with a small amount of wiggle room. Imagine a space smaller than a bedroom for 100 square feet.
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Roofr measurements

  1. On your computer, open Google Earth.
  2. Search for a place, or select a location on the globe.
  3. On the left, click Measure. . …
  4. Click the map to set measurement points.
  5. To remove a point, on the right, click Undo .
  6. To complete your line measurement, double-click on your last point, or click Done .
aerial roof measurement
To do this, measure the length and width of each plane on the roof, including dormers. Then, multiply length x width to get the square footage of each plane. Finally, calculate your roof’s total square footage by simply adding the square footage of each of the planes together.
For example, if you want to figure out the actual length of a common rafter with a plan length of 10′ for a “10 in 12” roof you would simply multiply the plant length by the “10 in 12” factor for common rafters. Therefore, the actual length would be 10′ x 1.302 = 13.02′.

Sky Roof Measure provides industry leading takeoff and  Roof  estimating Reports for professional construction contractors. Please Email : [email protected]

Aerial measurement
A roofing square is an area of roof that measures 10 by 10 feet to make up a total of 100 square ft. This critical unit of measurement helps your contractor determine how much material they’ll need to order for your roofing project, from underlayment to bundles of roof shingles.
Since there are twenty six shingles in a bundle of twenty year shingles (which is fine for starters and edges), divide the result by twenty six. For the number of ridge caps, multiply the length of the hip or ridge by twelve and divide it by five. This house is 1000 square feet. It requires 18 squares of shingles.
How Many Bundles of Shingles Will You Need. The average bundle of shingles covers 33.3 ft2, so three bundles of shingles are needed per square.
roofer

Sky Roof Measure provides industry leading takeoff and  Roof  estimating Reports for professional construction contractors. Please Email : [email protected]

Price of Roofing Shingles Per Square Foot

Roof AreaCost of Shingles
1,000 square feet$910 – $1,100
1,500 square feet$1,400 – $1,600
1,750 square feet$1,600 – $1,850
2,000 square feet$1,810 – $2,110
$2,400 – $6,000
 
They generally range between $55 on the low end and $600 on the high end, with an average of $100 to $250 per square of architectural shingles.

Roof Shingles Cost per Square.
Number of SquaresCost (Including labor)
12 squares$2,400 – $6,000
15 squares$3,000 – $7,500
17 squares$3,400 – $8,500
Roof Calculations of Slope, Rise, Run, Area

How Do You Calculate Rafter Length

How to calculate rafter length?

The formulas we use are the following:

  1. For calculations based on the roof rise:

rise² + run² = rafter length² ,

meaning that:  rafter length = √(rise² + run²).

aerial roof measurement
Pitch – Is the incline of the roof represented as the ratio of rise to the span (twice the run). For example, if the roof rises 4 feet and the span is 16 feet (twice the run), then the pitch is 4/16, or 1/4.
But they do tend to space rafters in one of several industry-standard increments, typically either 12, 16 or 24 inches apart. These spacing intervals are measured “on center,” meaning that the measurement is taken from the center of one rafter’s horizontal surface to the center of the next rafter.
Maximum allowable span for a 2×6 rafter:- the maximum allowable span for 2×6 rafter is 16 feet 5 inches when spaced 12 inches apart from centre, 14 feet 8 inches at 16″ OC & 12 feet 8 inches at 24″ OC with best quality No.
 

* Sky Roof Measure provides industry leading takeoff and  Roof  estimating Reports for professional construction contractors. Please Email Us : [email protected]

Estimate Roof Size
The length of the rafter is given from the long point of the ridge cut at the top down along the top edge the board to the same plumb cut on the rafter’s notch. The next result is the run. This is the horizontal measurement from the outside of the wall to the inside of the ridge.
Rafter span: this is the distance between the supporting wall and the centre of the roof measured horizontally. The span is NOT the distance between the supporting wall and the peak of the roof measured along the diagonal. Rafter: This is the lumber that runs from the centre (peak) to the supporting wall.
2-grade 2×6 joists can span up to 10 feet 9 inches from beam to beam when spaced the standard 16 inches apart with a maximum live load of 30 inches per square foot. In comparison, No. -1 grade lumber can span slightly further to 10 feet 11 inches under the same parameters.
 
In general, a 2×8 will span 1.5 x 8, so 12-feet. Based on all factors though, a 2×8 joist span is 7′-1” to 16′-6”, and a rafter 6′-7” and 23′-9”. In this guide, we’ll explain what span means in terms of construction, factors that impact the span, and how much weight a 2×8 can support.
 
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* Sky Roof Measure provides industry leading takeoff and  Roof  estimating Reports for professional construction contractors. Please Email Us : [email protected]

roofer

How To Calculate Roofing Square feet

A roofing square is a 10×10 area that’s equal to 100 square feet of roof surface.
A square simply refers to a 10′ x 10′ square of roofing. This is simply 100 square feet of roof. To find the squares, divide the overall roof area by 100 and then round up. For instance, if the roof is 1550 square feet, then it is 16 squares.
So a roof that has 1600 square feet of area has 16 squares. Remember that unless the roof is flat, the square footage of the building is different than the square footage of the roof.

How to measure your roof’s square footage 

The square footage of your roof has a huge impact on the cost of your replacement. It affects a number of cost factors, including the amount of materials used, labor, and time. 

Be aware, the only way to get a 100 percent accurate measurement is to have a local roofing contractor come out to professionally measure your roof and give you a quoteHowever, I can give you the calculations to get a rough measurement of your home’s square footage.

Sky Roof Measure provides industry leading takeoff and  Roof  estimating Reports for professional construction contractors. Please Email : [email protected]

roof quotes online

Area of a rectangle or square:
A = L x W
Area = Length x Width
Example: 20 feet x 10 feet = 200 square feet

Area of a trapezoid:
A = [(B1 + B2) x H] / 2
Area = [(Top + Bottom) x Height] / 2
Example: [(5 feet + 10 feet) x 6 feet] / 2 = 45 square feet

Area of a triangle:
A = (B x H) / 2
Area = (Base x Height) / 2
Example: (5 feet x 4 feet) / 2 = 10 square feet

When you have finished calculating the area of each plane, use this information to find your roof’s total square footage. Add the area of each plane together, and the sum will be the total square footage of the roof.

The Drip Cap

  • Before you do any roofing work, you must calculate the roof’s square footage to determine how much material you need.
  • Calculate each plane separately.
  • For example, if a triangle-shaped roof plane measures 60 feet along the base and is 30 feet high, we have 60 x 30 = 1,800 feet, divided by 2 = 900 square feet for the triangle-shaped plane.
  • The square footage would be 40 x 40 = 1,600 square feet (the square) plus 20 x 40 = 800 / 2 = 400 square feet (the triangle).
Measure distances and areas in Google Earth

**  Sky Roof Measure provides industry leading takeoff and  Roof  estimating Reports for professional construction contractors. Please Email : [email protected]

A roofing square is equal to 100 feet on your roof. If your roof measures at 1800 square feet, you would need 18 squares of shingles to cover your roof.
The three nutritionally complete meals (in one day), that is, breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
Square of 112: 1122 = 12544
1.What Is the Square Root of 112?
2.Is Square Root of 112 Rational or Irrational?
3.How to Find the Square Root of 112?
4.FAQs on Square Root of 112
 

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aerial roof measurement

Roofing Measurements

Getting accurate roof measurements can be difficult but with this roofing calculator, you’ll be well prepared to take measurements of any roof. Whether you’re a contractor looking to train a new employee or a homeowner looking to do some renovations, you’ll find this guide helpful for any roofing project. Use the step-by-step guide below to accurately measure your roof and estimate roofing costs.

How to measure your roof area from the ground

A more accurate way to calculate the area of the roof than using Google Earth is to get outside to estimate the roof pitch and the base area of the property. Using these two figures, we can get a good idea of the shingle roof’s square footage and estimate your asphalt shingles’ needs and costs. This DIY technique can be helpful, especially if you are not comfortable getting on your roof, or if you have limited access to it.

Ground measures only work well for a gabled roof, since there are usually just two main rectangular pitches to calculate area for. For more complex roof shapes, like hip roofs, you’ll need to work with a roofer or measure from on top of the roof itself to calculate its total area.

HIRING A PROFESSIONAL SERVICE

There are a number of local services in every community that will measure your roof and give you an accurate coverage area. This is the easiest solution to finding out your roof’s dimensions. Often, roofing professionals will offer this service as a part of their installation costs, or even sometimes for free.

ROOF SAFETY & AWARENESS

If you’re thinking about measuring your roof yourself, please take caution as falling from roofs is a regular injury. Be sure to wear proper safety equipment, and if possible, have someone else there to assist you. Take extra precaution as you move up or down from the roof itself.

Estimate The Amount of Shingles

roofer

To estimate how many shingles you’ll need, first estimate the total square footage of your roof’s surface. To do this, measure the length and width of each plane on the roof, including dormers. Then, multiply length x width to get the square footage of each plane. Finally, calculate your roof’s total square footage by simply adding the square footage of each of the planes together.

For example, this shed roof has one roof plane. Simply measure length (A) x width (B): A x B = 120′ x 100′ = 12,000 sq. ft. for the total square footage of the roof.

This gable roof has two planes. So, multiply length (A) x width (B) to get the square footage for each plane. Then, add the two planes together to derive the total square footage of the roof:

  • Plane 1: 120′ x 100′ = 12,000 sq. ft.
  • Plane 2: 120′ x 100′ = 12,000 sq. ft.
  • Plane 1 + Plane 2 = 24,000 sq. ft. for the total square footage of the roof.

Roof surfaces are measured in “squares.” A square is an area of roof which measures 100 square feet. To determine the number of squares on the gable roof above, simply divide its total of 24,000 square feet by 100. The result is 240, and this means you would need 240 squares of shingles to cover that roof. The most common type of shingle, called a three-tab or strip shingle, is generally packaged three bundles per square.

For a new roof, you will also need the same amount of underlayment. So, in the gable roof example above, you would need 240 squares of underlayment. Underlayment usually comes in rolls of 4 squares each. So, covering 240 squares would require 60 rolls of underlayment. No underlayment is needed if you are applying shingles directly over an existing asphalt roof.

Be sure to add 10% to all of your material totals for trim allowance.

Finally, if you have any questions about your estimate, ask a roofing contractor in your area. Most will be happy to give you a free estimate. For a listing of roofing contractors in your area, use our Find a Roofing Professional locator tool.

Estimate Roof Size

Estimate Roof Size | Get a Pro in Your Area

To find your roof’s total square footage:
  1. Measure the length and width of each plane on the roof (including dormers) then multiply length times width.
  2. Add the square footage of each of the planes together.

The Technique For Estimating Square Footage of Hip Roofs is Different

There is a different technique I use when measuring “hip” roofs, which have 4 sides and are shaped kind of like a pyramid. These roofs make it tough to count shingles so, through trial and error, I came up with a little calculation that has provided me with another simple but accurate estimation. When using this second calculation, the total square footage number you end up with may be a little higher than what is actually there. But I would rather slightly over-estimate the size of a roof job rather than under-estimate it, like I did a few times early on. This was before I started using these two calculations.

For Hip Roofs, I measure the length of the house and then I measure the width. I then multiply these 2 numbers together and I take that number and multiply it by 1.35.

I should mention that I use a Canon digital camera that has a 10x “optical” zoom along with a 40x “digital” zoom (not really sure what the hell that means exactly) but it allows me to zoom in really close to get great photos of the flashing as well as the condition of the current roofing materials. Regardless of which brand of camera you use, I have found that the most important feature is the “size of the zoom” because it allows you to take great photos of just about any roof while standing on the ground.

Speaking of cameras, the second most important feature to have in a digital camera that you plan to use for your Property Preservation Business, is that the camera’s flash provides enough light for you to take “above average” quality pics in complete darkness.

How to Measure Roof Pitch

Knowing the pitch of your roof is useful when designing an addition, installing skylights, or cutting new rake boards. Here’s an easy, safe way to determine the pitch from inside your attic.

  1. To measure the roof pitch, you’ll need an 18- or 24-inch level, a tape measure, and a pencil.
  2. First, measure 12 inches from one end of the level and make a mark.
  3. Then, in the attic, place the end of the level against the bottom of a roof rafter and hold it perfectly level.
  4. Now measure vertically from the 12-inch mark on the level straight up to the underside of the rafter, as illustrated. That measurement is the number of inches the roof rises in 12 inches.

aerial roof measurement

What is the average size of a roof?

You will need to express this size in terms of square feet. Keep in mind that the average size of a roof is 1,700 square feet, so your total will likely be 10% higher or lower than this figure. Check that your footage measurements are within this range so you can start off on the right foot.

How Much Does A New Roof Cost?

The average roof replacement cost is $4,200-6,600 on a 1,600 sq.ft. ranch house using asphalt roof shingles.

However, if you use premium materials such as metal, wood shingles, clay tile, etc, the cost of your roof will be at least $9,500 – 16,000.

Roofing prices can vary widely depending on the size and complexity of your roof, type of materials you use, as well as your location.

Here are average roof replacement costs that contractors across the US charge to install a 1500 sq. ft. roof, including removal of one layer of old shingles.

 
aerial roof measurement

Roofing Calculator – How to Measure a Roof

How to Calculate Total Square Footage of Your Roof. To find your roof’s total square footage: Measure the length and width of each plane on the roof (including dormers) then multiply length times width. Add the square footage of each of the planes together.

How do I estimate the cost of a new roof?

According to SkyRoofMeasure, the typical range for roof replacement costs is between $5,100 and $10,000, but roof replacement can be as low as $1,200 or as high as $30,000. Many roofing companies will charge between $3.50 and $5.00 per square foot.

How do you calculate roofing wood?

Lets take the height of the roof as 3.5m and the breadth of plan plus overhang is 9m. Now divide by 3.6m to know the numbers of three” by 4” to purchase in market=24 pcs of three” by 4” required for rafters. PURLINS are the picket of two” by 2” or 50mm by 50mm we nail the roofing sheets on.

How do you calculate roof framing?

For example, if the slope is 4 in 12, and the run is 12 feet, the ridge beam height (M) will be 4 feet. The finished ridge beam height (Z) above the top of the wall will be (M) plus the Y Height. The formulas are: M = (R * X) / 12.

How much does a 1000 sq ft roof cost?

Roof Size and Pitch

A new roof on a 1,000-square-foot house costs an average of $4,000 to $5,500 while the cost to replace a 3,000-square-foot home’s roof can rise to an average of $11,200 to $16,000.

 
Cost to Tear Off & Replace Roof
House by Square FootAsphaltTotal Cost
1,200$4,320$6,276
1,300$4,680$6,799
1,400$5,040$7,322
1,500$5,400$7,845

How much should corrugated roofing sheets overlap?

Corrugated sheeting should always overlap by a minimum of one corrugation, this can be known as side laps. When overlapping corrugated sheeting its advised you use cladco lapping tape. For maximum sheet lengths in corrugated, we can supply 5m in a 0.5mm thickness and up to 6m length in the 0.7mm thickness.
 

Can you negotiate with a roofer?

You can always negotiate with your contractor on the price of a successful project before signing a contract. Discuss your budget with your roofing contractor. Agree that any unexpected project expenses will be presented in writing to help you remain within your budget.

Will roof prices go down?

Distributors and manufacturers are undoubtedly projecting higher prices as the year goes on. Again, even if the price drops some towards the end of the year or maybe early 2022, it’s safe to say it won’t drop below current market prices.
 
aerial roof measurement

Roof Cost Calculator: Roofing Estimator

To do this, measure the length and width of each plane on the roof, including dormers. Then, multiply length x width to get the square footage of each plane. Finally, calculate your roof’s total square footage by simply adding the square footage of each of the planes together.

Cost Of a New Roof

According to Sky Roof Measure, the typical range for roof replacement costs is between $5,100 and $10,000, but roof replacement can be as low as $1,200 or as high as $30,000. Many roofing companies will charge between $3.50 and $5.00 per square foot.

How many bundles of shingles do I need for a 12×12 roof?

As a rule of thumb, there are 3 bundles to a square, assuming that you are using three-tab strip shingles. There are also 29 standard-sized shingles (measuring 12 inches by 36 inches) in each one of these.

How much would a 1200 sq ft roof cost?

Average Cost to Replace a Roof by House Size
House (& Roof**) by Square FootRe-Roofing Cost*
1,000 (1,054)$4,000 – $5,500
1,100 (1,160)$4,200 – $6,000
1,200 (1,265)$4,500 – $6,500
1,500 (1,581)$5,500 – $8,000

How much does it cost to re roof a 1700 square foot house?

It will cost anywhere between $6,000 to $9,000 to replace a typical 1,700 square foot asphalt shingle roof. Roofing companies charge an average of $3.50 to $6.00 per square foot for asphalt roof replacements.

How much does it cost to roof a 2100 sq ft house?

On average, it costs from $1.20-$4 per square foot to tear off and replace a roof with asphalt shingles. For a 1,700-2,100 square foot ranch-style property, that costs about $1,700-$8,400.

How many bundles of shingles do I need for 1000 square feet?

Since there are twenty six shingles in a bundle of twenty year shingles (which is fine for starters and edges), divide the result by twenty six. For the number of ridge caps, multiply the length of the hip or ridge by twelve and divide it by five. This house is 1000 square feet. It requires 18 squares of shingles.
roof

How to get the most accurate measurements in your roof report

Measure the width and length of each plane of the roof (including dormers), and then multiply those numbers to get the correct figure for the square footage of that area. Note any skylights, chimneys or other parts of the roof that would not require materials. You can subtract those measurements from your total area.

Aerial Measurement Technology

It extracts measurements that may have at an accuracy rate of 95% or higher. Contractors benefit from the time savings that come with not having to visit the property, as well as the added safety: it’s possible to gather the measurement with no climbing.

Using this method of remote measuring also enables roofing contractors to hire professional salespeople, who can focus on selling rather than learning how to measure a roof. They can use the technology to capture measurements accurately and reassure homeowners that your company uses the latest tools and methods available.

However, aerial measurement technology has its disadvantages. One is cost: depending on the size and complexity of the roof, the measurement report can cost $50 or more. Report turnaround time can also be a turnoff for contractors. In some cases, especially during high-volume situations such as following a hailstorm, the wait for turnaround may reach 24 hours or more. In a world where consumers want instant gratification, delaying an estimate by 24 hours could result in losing the job.

High Resolution Imagery = Better Accuracy
As we mentioned before, one of the benefits of drones is their ability to capture high-resolution imagery. Below you will see the differences in ground sample distance between satellite, aerial and drone imagery.

  • Satellite Imagery: Usually 30-50 centimeters per pixel resolution
  • Aerial Imagery: Usually 7-9 centimeters per pixel resolution
  • Drone Imagery: Sub-centimeter per pixel resolution

Measuring by Hand

Getting a roof measurement by hand is the tried-and-true method trusted by roofing contractors for years. By measuring themselves, a contractor can be confident in the numbers and know that the measurements will be completely accurate. This means that orders for materials will be more precise and there will be less waste on the job.

On the other hand, manually obtaining a roof measurement also comes with drawbacks, some of which might outweigh the benefits. The first one is time. Manual roof measurement requires the contractor or sales representative to drive to the property, climb onto the roof, and potentially spend up to an hour gathering measurements, depending on the roof’s complexity.

The second concern is safety. Climbing onto the roof requires contractors to carry equipment—including a tape measure, pitch gauge, tablet and pen—up a ladder and onto the roof. While the contractor is focused on capturing measurements, it’s possible to lose sight of key safety precautions such as the location of fall hazards and leading edges. Physically walking on the roof can also cause damage and loss of granules.

Measure a roof safely

Without the proper training and equipment, it isn’t recommended for homeowners to climb on their roofs.  If you want to get the project started yourself, opt for the safer alternative that will save you time and keep you safe by ordering an aerial roof measurement report.   

ScreenshotGoogleEarth1-1

Roofing Calculator – How to Measure a Roof

How to Calculate Total Square Footage of Your Roof. To find your roof’s total square footage: Measure the length and width of each plane on the roof (including dormers) then multiply length times width. Add the square footage of each of the planes together.

How do you calculate the roof area?

  1. Begin with calculating the area of your house in a plane parallel to the ground. If your house is rectangular, all you need to do is multiply the length and width of the building. If the shape of your house is more complex, simply enter the total area (after measuring the exterior dimensions) into the appropriate box.

  2. Determine the roof pitch of your house. Roof pitch is the slope created by the rafters. If you don’t know how to calculate it, head to our roof pitch calculator. You can input it either in degrees, as a percentage or as a ratio of x:12.

  3. Once you know these values, you will be able to calculate the roof area. Begin by converting the roof pitch to an angle expressed in degrees, using the following formulas:

    pitch(%) = x / 12 * 100%

    pitch(deg) = arctan[pitch(%)]

  4. Then, use the following equation to find the total area of the roof:

    roof area = base area / cos[pitch(deg)]

Tips on measuring for roofing

Measuring your roof’s dimensions is one of the most important aspects of any roofing job, so make sure your tools are up to par. An accurate ruler, tape measure, and a sturdy ladder are all required.

The problem is that not everyone is comfortable with climbing a ladder to do this. What’s more, there is no guarantee that the measurements will be correct. That error can cost you more money, time, and effort.

That’s why it’s best just to hire or consult a professional roofing contractor. They will have the tools, knowledge, and experience to help you accurately measure your roof and figure out how much materials you need with minimal waste.

How to Measure a Roof for Shingles

Don’t worry too much if you don’t know how to measure a roof for shingles. Your roofer will measure the surface of your roof to determine the total square footage, which will dictate how many shingles must be purchased to fully cover the roof’s planes.

But if you’re curious how the measuring process works, think back to your geometry classes in school. To calculate a rough estimate, follow these steps:

  1. First, you must measure the length and width of each plane of the roof, including dormers. If the planes aren’t rectangles, this may be complicated.
  2. Next, to calculate the square footage of each rectangular plane, multiply the length by the width. For example, if a plane is 130 feet long and 100 feet wide, it’s 13,000 square feet.
  3. Finally, add together the square footage of each plane to calculate the total square footage of the roof. So if there are two planes that both measure 13,000 square feet, the total square footage of the roof is 26,000 square feet.
https://skyroofmeasure.com/

Creating Measurement Reports for Complex Roofs

Do roofers do roof inspections?

The best news is that this vital service is often offered freely by roofing contractors, or at least, at a reasonably low price. As a homeowner, it’s important that you take advantage of these no-cost/low-cost roof inspections, as catching problems early can save you lots of money and stress in the future. Follow our report details! 

What is a roof condition report?

The purpose of the roof condition report is to guide long-range planning. The roof condition report should explain the investigation methodology employed, the findings, the prioritized conceptual recommendations, and the probable cost of recommended repairs or replacements.

How long does a roof report take?

Between 45 minutes and 4 hours
 
How long does it take to inspect a roof? Most roof inspections take between 45 minutes and 4 hours.

What is a roof survey?

A roofing survey is carried out by professional roofing contractors, and is used to determine the condition of your commercial roofing or industrial roofing system. It’s used to identify any problems before they become much bigger issues, including: Ponding water – which can occur mainly on a flat roofing system.

Is it worth getting a roof survey?

The more in-depth the roof survey, the more it will cost. It’s definitely worth paying for an extensive survey if you are buying a property or haven’t had a survey done before. This will ensure every little part of your roof is up to scratch and will last for years to come.

Does a homebuyers report check the roof?

The Homebuyer Survey includes a visual inspection of all major indoor features including ceilings, roof, walls, and bathrooms, as well as permanent outdoor buildings and features including roofing, pipes, gutters, walls, windows, and doors.
 
Here are the four such benefits you can expect to reap when you stick to a proper roof maintenance schedule:
  • Damage Control. The avoidance of costly repairs is perhaps the biggest benefit of sticking to a rigid maintenance routine. …
  • Extended Roof Life. …
  • Energy Efficiency Boost. …
  • Healthy Living.

Why should I maintain my roof?

Maintenance increases the lifespan of your roof.

Your roof is constantly being exposed to all kinds of conditions, so it is very important that you provide your roof with maintenance to avoid major damages. This maintenance also lengthens the life of your roof.

What is considered roof maintenance?

An important part of roof maintenance is the routine cleaning, clearing and tidying of the roof and its related systems. Pay attention not only to roof shingles and flashing but other key components, such as eavestroughs, down spouts, installations (such as skylights, vents, chimneys, solar panels), and ventilation.
Aerial measurement

Calculate Roof Area

Installing a new roof is a capital intensive affair that requires you to establish your budget in advance. Thankfully, it is easy to estimate the costs by calculating the roof area and then using the sum to determine the cost of shingles per square foot.

How to calculate the roof area

  1. Begin with calculating the area of your house in a plane parallel to the ground. If your house is rectangular, all you need to do is multiply the length and width of the building. If the shape of your house is more complex, simply enter the total area (after measuring the exterior dimensions) into the appropriate box.
  2. Determine the roof pitch of your house. Roof pitch is the slope created by the rafters. If you don’t know how to calculate it, head to our roof pitch calculator. You can input it either in degrees, as a percentage or as a ratio of x:12.
  3. Once you know these values, you will be able to calculate the roof area. Begin by converting the roof pitch to an angle expressed in degrees, using the following formulas:

pitch(%) = x / 12 * 100%

pitch(deg) = arctan [pitch(%)]

  1. Then, use the following equation to find the total area of the roof:

roof area = base area / cos[pitch(deg)]

Satellite roof measurements

How to Estimate Roofing Materials

Although roofing projects are estimated and sold by the square, roofing material is often not sold in 1 square increments.

How Many Bundles of Shingles Will You Need

The average bundle of shingles covers 33.3 ft2, so three bundles of shingles are needed per square. Asphalt shingles range in price from about $25 per bundle for a standard 3-tab style to around $50-$75 or more for an upgraded architectural style.

Since transportation is a major cost factor, expect prices to vary by location. A typical bundle of shingles weighs about 75 pounds, while some premium products can weigh over 100 pounds per bundle, so consider delivery of materials.

How Many Rolls of Felt Will You Need

Roofing felt is sold by the roll. The average roll of 15-pound roofing felt covers about 400 ft2, or 4 squares, while the average roll of 30-pound roofing felt covers about 200 ft2, or 2 squares.

Rolls of felt are 36″ wide x 144′ long for 15# and 72′ long for 30#. Consider other underlayment options as needed, such as rubber or tar products.

How Many Nails Will You Need

Nails will also be required for any roofing project. The average 3-tab shingle needs four nails per shingle. High wind areas and other types of shingles may need more. 320 nails will be needed to install a square of standard 3-tab shingles, assuming four nails per shingle and 80 shingles per square.

Remember, be wary of too-good-to-be-true estimates that promise cheap and fast results. Investing in name brand materials and quality service will save you time and money in the long run.

How to measure your roof area from the ground

A more accurate way to calculate the area of the roof than using Google Earth is to get outside to estimate the roof pitch and the base area of the property. Using these two figures, we can get a good idea of the shingle roof’s square footage and estimate your asphalt shingles’ needs and costs. This DIY technique can be helpful, especially if you are not comfortable getting on your roof, or if you have limited access to it.

Ground measures only work well for a gabled roof, since there are usually just two main rectangular pitches to calculate area for. For more complex roof shapes, like hip roofs, you’ll need to work with a roofer or measure from on top of the roof itself to calculate its total area.

Roof Measurement Companies

Roofing Calculator

The calculated area is only an estimation. In cases where a roof has a complex shape, such as in the image to the right, measuring the dimensions and areas of each part of the roof to calculate total area will result in a more accurate measurement of area. The calculator cannot account for complex shapes based on a measurement of square footage alone. The Area Calculator can be used to calculate the area of a variety of simple shapes that together can comprise the area of the roof. Using the aggregate area of these simple shapes can yield a more accurate roof area to be used with the Roofing Material Calculator.

roofer

The most common roofing materials used in the United States include shingles, membrane roofing, and ceramic tile, all of which have different life spans. Shingle roofs typically have a life span of 15-30 years, while membrane roofs usually last 5-15 years. Although ceramic tile roofs are expensive, they can have a life span of over 100 years.

How to calculate the roof area

  1. Begin with calculating the area of your house in a plane parallel to the ground. If your house is rectangular, all you need to do is multiply the length and width of the building. If the shape of your house is more complex, simply enter the total area (after measuring the exterior dimensions) into the appropriate box.
  2. Determine the roof pitch of your house. Roof pitch is the slope created by the rafters. If you don’t know how to calculate it, head to our roof pitch calculator. You can input it either in degrees, as a percentage or as a ratio of x:12.
  3. Once you know these values, you will be able to calculate the roof area. Begin by converting the roof pitch to an angle expressed in degrees, using the following formulas:

pitch(%) = x / 12 * 100%

pitch(deg) = arctan [pitch(%)]

  1. Then, use the following equation to find the total area of the roof:

roof area = base area / cos[pitch(deg)]

Estimate Roof Size

Roofing Tips: Roof Slope & Style

There are two main categories of roofing: sloped and flat. A flat roof has a slope of 2 in 12 or less. The run always remains constant at 12 inches. A low slope roof is anywhere from 2 in 12 to 4 in 12. Conventional slope roof range between 4 in 12 and 8 in 12. Anything more than 9 in 12 is considered steep. Steeper-sloped roofs are considered more aesthetically pleasing and last longer. These benefits do not come cheaply though. A 12 in 12 roof can cost up to 50% more than a 4 in 12 roof. This is because a steep-sloped roof requires a taller chimney and more lumber for framing. However, the end result may be well worth it as your roofing material is estimated to last up to 50% longer and will require less maintenance.

Roof styles or types are usually predesigned by the builder of your home. They determine what kind of materials you can have on the roof, due to the slope. The first option is a flat roof. This style is just like a long board across the top of your home. A gabled roof looks like two sides of a triangle. A shed roof is slanted down one way, either towards the left or right. Gambrel roofs resemble barn roofs. Finally, mansard roofs have a flat top with sides that lip over the top a little and hang over the home.

What is a Roofing Square?

Roof surfaces are measured in “squares”. A roofing square is equal to 100 square feet of the roof.

To determine the number of squares on the gable roof example in this post, divide its total of 24,000 square feet by 100 (24,000 ÷ 100 = 240). This means you would need 240 squares of shingles to cover that roof.

A roofing contractor might even charge you more labor fees for a roof replacement job by claiming that your roof is larger than it is or that it has a more complex layout than a standard roof. With the data from your Satellite Roof Report, you can cut out unethical charges and miscalculations in the early stages of your project. The Roofing Calculator keeps your roof replacement project transparent and free from costly surprises.

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