mid_sky-roof-measure1137960102

Aerial Roof Measurements, Roof Images

Aerial roof measurement report

The Roof Measurement Report provides a detailed analysis of your roof layout and all the critical dimensions. … This report saves your time and enables accurate roof estimates for a roof repair or replacement. This is a professional grade report used for use by licensed roofing contractors or insurance companies.
 

How do I get an accurate roof measurement?

Measure the base area of your property

That will be the roof base width. Then, measure the distance of the other side of the structure from the edge of the eave to the other. That will be the roof base length. Multiply those figures together to get an estimate of the base area for the roof structure.
 

How do I figure out how many square My roof is?

Roof surfaces are measured in “squares”. A roofing square is equal to 100 square feet of the roof. To determine the number of squares on the gable roof example in this post, divide its total of 2400 square feet by 100 (2400 ÷ 100 = 24). This means you would need 24 squares of shingles to cover that roof.
 

Can I measure my roof from Google Maps?

The good news is there is a way to measure your roof in a safe and accurate way, all from the comfort of your home: use Google Earth. With just a few clicks, you can search for any address, get a bird’s eye view of your roof, and get the roofing measurements that you need.
 
Average Cost to Replace a Roof by House Size
House (& Roof**) by Square FootRe-Roofing Cost*
1,000 (1,054)$4,000 – $5,500
1,100 (1,160)$4,200 – $6,000
1,200 (1,265)$4,500 – $6,500
1,500 (1,581)$5,500 – $8,000

What is the cheapest way to replace a roof?

Asphalt Shingles – The answer to what is the cheapest roof to install is asphalt shingles. This is the most commonly used and least expensive of roofing shingles.
 

Is it OK to reroof over old shingles?

Installing a new roof over shingles takes less time than tearing off the old roof. Looks just as good and lasts as long. As long as it’s done right and under the right conditions, installing new shingles over old ones can last as long and look just as good as a complete re-roof. Has the same manufacturer’s warranty.
 

How long does a 30 year roof really last?

The expected service life of a 30-year product, if properly cared for, is approximately 25 years. If it’s not cared for properly, that 30 year shingle will only last 12 to 15 years. That’s one of the big misconceptions in the roofing marketplace.
Roofing material that lasts the longest are concrete, clay or slate tiles. These materials significantly outperform other natural products like wood shakes or any manufactured roofing materials including asphalt shingles and metal roofing.
 
aerial roofing

Fast, accurate roof measurement

How Many Roofing Shingles Do I Need?
  1. Measure the length and width of each plane on the roof (including dormers) then multiply length times width.
  2. Add the square footage of each of the planes together.

The Roof Measurement Report provides a detailed analysis of your roof layout and all the critical dimensions. … This report saves your time and enables accurate roof estimates for a roof repair or replacement. This is a professional grade report used for use by licensed roofing contractors or insurance companies. The Roof Measurement Report provides a detailed analysis of your roof layout and all the critical dimensions. … This report saves your time and enables accurate roof estimates for a roof repair or replacement. This is a professional grade report used for use by licensed roofing contractors or insurance companies.

Call Us for Roof Measurements : (315) 926-1777 

OR  Email us : info@skyroofmeasure.com

Aerial Roof And Wall
Measurement Services

Get accurate roof measurements

  • Reduction of business costs
  • Integration with Job Nimbus
  • Sketch files available for Xactimate, Symbility and Autocad
  • Take offs based on your blueprints

Are satellite roofing estimates accurate?

Get Accurate Measurements AND Estimates in Minutes: Satellites are more accurate than the most experienced contractor’s hands. You’ll get EXACT measurements of your roof with no human error. We’ll even provide an estimate for costs based on the average roofing materials.

How do I estimate the cost of a new roof?

The average roof replacement cost is $4,200-6,600 on a 1,600 sq. ft. ranch house using asphalt roof shingles. However, if you use premium materials such as metal, wood shingles, clay tile, etc, the cost of your roof will be at least $9,500 – 16,000.
roof quotes online

How to Get a Roofing Measurement & Aerial Roofing

The Roof Measurement Report provides a detailed analysis of your roof layout and all the critical dimensions. … This report saves your time and enables accurate roof estimates for a roof repair or replacement. This is a professional grade report used for use by licensed roofing contractors or insurance companies.

DroneDeploy Process for Getting Roof Measurements
  1. Step 1 – Create Your Project. Create a new project and enter your address. …
  2. Step 2 – Fly Your Drone. With your flight plan created, go on-site and fly your drone. …
  3. Step 3 – Generate Your Orthomosaic Map. …
  4. Step 4 – Measure Your Roof. …
  5. Step 5 – Generate Your Report.

Call Us for Roof Measurements : (315) 926-1777 

OR  Email us : info@skyroofmeasure.com

Why Getting Detailed Roof Measurements is Important & Helpful

Getting detailed and accurate rooftop measurements is important for a variety of applications. Perhaps you work for a construction firm. You may need detailed diagrams of the roof with accurate measurements of the ridges, valleys, hips, eaves, and a clear visual understanding of where vent pipes and chimneys are located on the roof. 

You could also be performing a rooftop inspection and need to properly assess a damaged area for an accurate estimate for repair. Or perhaps you need to calculate the area of your roof to estimate the cost of getting it re-shingled or get a quote for a solar panel installation.

Drones present a unique opportunity for getting a clear view of your rooftop and allowing you to get precise roof measurements. A variety of roof measuring applications and programs already take advantage of high-resolution drone imagery to get accurate roof measurements.

Roofing Professionals

SkyRoofMeasure is a property measurement service created by roofing experts for roofing experts to provide a new level of accuracy, simplicity and affordability. Gone are the days of scaling damaged roofs for accurate measurements. SkyRoofMeasure reports make it easy to provide your customer with a quick, comprehensive overview of their roofing project and aids in the presentation needed to close the deal or ever having to set foot on a roof.

Benefits:

  • Simple pricing
  • Quick turnaround
  • Comprehensive premium report available
  • Friendly, knowledgeable customer support
  • Precheck for imagery, just give us a call
  • Multi-structure summary, which breaks out the measurements for each structure individually (i.e. house and detached garage)
  • PDF and XML files provided for inclusion into estimating software

Satellite Roof Measurements: Features of a Roof Report

  • Accurate Roof Pitch Measurements
  • Roof Measurements including AreaRakesRidgesHips and Valleys, and every edge is separately measured and identified.
  • CAD style drawings with colored lines identifying every type of roof edge
  • Online access to your Roof Reports for your Employees, Subs and Suppliers with no software to install
  • Multiple image providers for over 98% coverage of the USA & Canada
  • Also supports file formats such as XML,RXF,DXF/DWG AND WRL
measure-height-3d-building-google-earth-pro

What Is An Aerial Roof Measurement Report?

The Roof Measurement Report provides a detailed analysis of your roof layout and all the critical dimensions. … This report saves your time and enables accurate roof estimates for a roof repair or replacement. This is a professional grade report used for use by licensed roofing contractors or insurance companies.

Ordering an aerial measurement report is a much faster and convenient way to get the measurements of a roof. Instead of climbing on a ladder to measure a roof for shingles by hand and inputting measurements into an estimate for the homeowner, the entire process can be managed digitally, saving you time and eliminating measurement errors. Follow Us for more details Please.

Aerial Reports uses the best of the industry’s Proven off-the-shelf software and available aerial imagery to provide Roofers, Contractors, Insurance Carriers and Adjusters a Customized, Detailed and Accurate Roof Measurement Reports. Never miss another opportunity to provide an estimate due to distance, location and weather conditions.

Call us : (315) 926 1777

Email: info@skyroofmeasure.com

Our aerial roof measurement reports are drafted by expert CAD technicians and reviewed by a quality assurance professional, certifying absolute data accuracy on every report. Precision is paramount at SkyRoofMeasure, and that’s how we guarantee a 95% or better accuracy rate on every plane, eave, rake, ridge, hip and valley.

See the source image

 

How to Manually Measure a Roof

To manually measure a roof without the help of aerial measurement reports, you must visit a job site and climb onto the roof to take precise roof measurements by hand.

  1. Measure the width and length of each plane of the roof (including dormers), and then multiply those numbers to get the correct figure for the square footage of that area.
  2. Note any skylights, chimneys or other parts of the roof that would not require materials so you can subtract those measurements from your total area.
  3. Add together the calculated square footage of each surface to get the figure for total square footage of the roof.
  4. After determining the total square footage of the roof, you must calculate the pitch of the roof by measuring the vertical distance (rise) over a 12 inch horizontal segment (run).
  5. Write down these numbers as the vertical measurement listed first and the horizontal measurement recorded second so you can find rise over run.
  6. When you have the total square footage and rise over run of the roof, you can calculate the roof squares to determine how much materials are needed to cover the roof. To calculate the number of squares on a roof, you need to divide its total square feet by 100.

With those figures, you can then estimate the roofing supplies needed for a job.

See the source image

How To Measure The Roof Using Google Earth

There are many great benefits to using Google Earth to measure your roof but nothing is as good as using DIY’s satellite roof measurement. The first of which is that you don’t even have to go up on the roof. This can make it even safer to do your measuring and it also removes a level of guessing to your calculation.

To begin with, you’re going to go to the app on your mobile device, or you will need to go to Google Earth on your laptop or desktop computer. There are many options here and you’ll want to select the one that allows you to enter the address. You can also zoom the map and click on the starting point of the roof you wish to select. After you’ve done this, you can click along the outer edge of the roof that you wish to calculate the area for.

See the source image

Roofing Measurements Using Google Earth

Each time you add points, the area will update and there is a box below that will convert this into acres, meters, kilometers, miles, and finally, square feet. It will also give you the perimeter of the shape of the roof.

Using this tool will be very helpful for you in finding out the acreage or the tract of land of your property. It will also give you the square footage of your roof and any other areas that you’re wanting to estimate. You can even embed this tool on a website that you own.

While these tools are very helpful, there are a few variables that you’ll want to know. If you’re in a rural area, you may have to go with the cross streets as the address may not bring up what you’re looking for. In such areas, you may wind up using the GPS coordinates or a landmark to get to where you’re going.

If you’re using the GPS, you’ll want to enter the latitude and then use a comma and enter the longitude. This will put you at a reference point that you can use to locate the facility or building that you wish to calculate the roofing on.

roof quotes online

Aerial Roof

Sky Roof Measure provides accurate 3D satellite roof measurements, aerial roof measurements, roofing reports for U.S. Canada roofers companies, insurance adjusters, and more.

Clear Benefits

  • High-Resolution overhead imagery
  • Option to measure from images by season/month 
  • 70% of all U.S. properties captured
  • Seamlessly integrated into roof measurement software
  • Frequently updated image database
  • Alternative when satellite imagery is obscured
  • Enhances roof inspection reports for insurance purposes
  • No need to purchase 3rd-party roof measurement reports

Progressive roofing companies often use a blend of technologies these days. They might combine their standard practices with aerial measurement services to captures aerial views from 15°-45° (a.k.a., “oblique”) angles and top-down (or “orthogonal”) perspectives. Or they might purchase roof-measurement reports or decide to deploy deploys drones to provide visual information.

2D & 3D Modelling | VECTIV

All that is fine—provided the roof of your target customer isn’t obscured by trees, limiting your prospecting to a relatively small area and resulting in inaccurate measurements. As you might imagine, many reports are not based on leaf-off imagery, the best satellite maps lack detail, and drones are typically flown on demand, regardless of foliage conditions.

Unfortunately, roofers have tight windows of opportunity to operate. They can become busiest right after a hurricane, a tornado, a hailstorm, or heavy snow coupled with high winds. Your lines may be flooded with calls from damage-sustaining households across a wide area. Even in good conditions, roofing companies are required to continuously prospect, estimate and quote with detailed measurements as they compete for business, one street and neighborhood after another.

In a highly competitive business, roofers need every edge they can get. Prospective customers want accurate repair quotes—and they want them quickly. So why wouldn’t you choose a tool that can give them both and, at the same time, enable you to accelerate your business?

High-resolution aerial imagery, captured multiple times per year offering leaf-on and leaf-off views, gives roofers exceptional perspective and a distinct advantage over many competitors. If that information can be instantly accessed from any laptop, mobile or connected device, all the better.

 

Measuring Steep Roofs

A-frame roofs and even gable roofs can be relatively steep. Measuring a very steep roof involves different computing techniques. To measure steep roofs, the roof length needs to be calculated first. Then external walls are computed plus the overhang for the length of the residence lateral to the ridge. After that, a cable is lobbed over the ridge to identify it on each eave of the steep roof. This allows you to tally the overall width dimension to use in estimating area. This is done on each roof section that has a horizontal ridge.

Why Roofing is a Dangerous Job - Snow Basinski Foundation

What Tools Are Needed to Measure A Roof?

The tools needed to measure a roof are relatively simple and straightforward. Generally, all one needs to measure a roof are the following:

  • Measuring Tape
  • Ladder
  • Calculator
  • Pen/pencil
  • Paper
  • Level

If you have those tools on hand, you should be able to discern a crude estimate of your roof’s square footage, pitch, and overall slope.

Should I Measure My Own Roof?

While you can try to measure a roof on your own, it is a job best left up to a quality roofing team who knows what they’re doing. Not only will they quickly and accurately measure your roof with ease, but they can do so safely. Safety is paramount in Northern Florida where weather and conditions can quickly take a turn. Measuring your own roof if you lack experience could lead to additional costs if you underestimate or overestimate the number of materials needed to complete the work.

Measure a roof safely

Without the proper training and equipment, it isn’t recommended for homeowners to climb on their roofs.  If you want to get the project started yourself, opt for the safer alternative that will save you time and keep you safe by ordering an aerial roof measurement report.   

 

aerial roofing

Accurate 3D Aerial Roof Measurements Reports

At Sky Roof Measure we create accurate 3D roof models from intelligent aerial images and generate a detailed PDF report. We generally serve Roofers and Insurance Professionals.

                                   Call Us +1 (940) 233-5566

We have extensive training and experience in the interpretation of aerial imagery and the creation of ACCURATE 3D roof models, our process includes; fetching aerial images > creation of the roof model > generation of PDF report.

We began producing 3d roof models from January 2010, we offer consulting services in regards to software selection and human resource training for other companies within the aerial roof measurements industry.

By combining multi-angle aerial images with advanced analytics, our reports provide precise area, pitch, and length measurements. Colour coding distinguishes every detail, from ridges, hips, and valleys to verges, eaves, and flashings. Fast report turnaround saves you time. High-resolution aerial views and 3D diagrams make your tender stand out.

Our roof measurement reports provide a detailed overview of every aspect of your roof. Each report comes with aerial images of the property, a 3D diagram of the roof, length, area, pitch and notes diagrams, as well as a summary page with waste table calculations. Our EagleView generated reports include length diagrams with color-coded details and total lengths for ridges, hips, valleys, rakes, eaves, flashing and step flashing. The Wall Measurement Reports provide a detailed analysis of your wall layout and all the critical dimensions, including the area each wall feature These professional-grade reports are used by all types national companies and come with an Accuracy Guarantee. All the measurement’s final report will emailed to you within 1-4 days.

Why Use Drones for Roof Measurements?

One of the main benefits of drones is their size and maneuverability.  This feature allows them to fly a few feet away from various building types and capture high-resolution imagery (sub-centimeter per pixel resolution) for residential, commercial, flat and metal roofs.

Features / Application / Technical Info.

    • 3D Roof Diagram
    • Aerial Images (Top, N, S, E & W)
    • Length Diagram
    • Pitch Diagram
    • Area Diagram
    • Notes Diagram
    • Report Summary
    • Waste Calculation Table

Aerial Reports is a quick and easy way to get detailed and accurate roof measurements anywhere you want without leaving your office. Aerial Reports uses the best of the industry’s Proven off-the-shelf software and available aerial imagery to provide Roofers, Contractors, Insurance Carriers and Adjusters a Customized, Detailed and Accurate Roof Measurement Reports. Never miss another opportunity to provide an estimate due to distance, location and weather conditions. Our off-site roof reports help you gain a Competitive Edge by providing an on-time and most accurate roof report. Simply provide us the address of the property to be measured and we’ll do the rest.

Our Goal & Specialization

Our goal is to streamline your day to day operations by automating your employees and allowing them to work more efficiently with the help of our interactive Roof Reports. When your roof report is ready, it is not just emailed to one person, or available for download into a single desktop application, it is available to anyone in your company using a web based user account. All your reports saved on our database and you can view and download any time as per your convenience. Our 3D Roof reports include Aerial Images, rakes, flashing, valleys, ridges, multiple slope areas, pitch, linear measurements, total squares, recommended waste, etc. Our System can Export and import file formats such as XML,RFX,DFX/DWG and WRL.

roof blueprint

Aerial View Roof Measurements

                         Call Us   +1 (940) 233-5566

Efficient, cost-effective roofing work depends on your ability to quickly and accurately gather measurements and assess the current roof condition. Improve your responsiveness to customers by replacing countless site visits with online roof measuring tools using recent aerial photos. Take traffic and safety risk out of the equation and produce fast, accurate quotes with the power of high resolution aerial maps. 

It’s quite a challenge to fly over the right location during the perfect window in time late winter or early spring. You want the capture to be snow-free, but must act quickly before the trees go green. You also need cooperative clear skies and adequate daylight – more difficult during short winter days. However detailed aerial capture plans may be, survey teams must still adapt on the fly and follow opportunity. You must learn to adapt quickly, and nimbly deploy aerial assets as opportunities present.

Take Chicago, for example – the time between last snow and first bloom can often be measured in days, or at best a few weeks. Clear weather aerial capture is difficult, but the ability for roofers to accurately measure what’s typically obscured by nature is essential.

roof measurements

Aerial vs. Satellite vs. Drones

There has been a move away from the satellite imagery that dominated measuring and site-surveying for the previous decade. There’s a couple of reasons for this, the main one being quality. No matter how good the camera on a satellite may be, it’s still in outer space. By being closer to the earth’s surface,  a high-quality camera on an airplane is going to capture a clearer, sharper image. 

What about imagery from a drone? With drone-captured imagery, you have the same problem you have with satellite captures, distance. Drone cameras historically have had wide-angle lenses, causing distortion of rooflines at low altitudes. We have no problem with drone-captured imagery, it’s often the best, and sometimes the only source for rural addresses that lack coverage by satellite and aerial imagery. To overcome the distortion, we suggest flying your drone to a minimum altitude of 400 feet. At that height, any visible distortion should be negligible, and you can make good use of your up-to-date drone imagery! That leads us to our next point…

Roofing reports

3D Model, Because Only a Good Picture is Worth a Thousand Words

Aerial imagery provides distorted, flat one-dimensional images that are often taken at a poor viewing angle. HOVER’s technology creates a highly accurate interactive 3D model of your project that streamlines communication on the job. Whether you’re pitching a prospective client, planning with your superintendent or installation group, HOVER’s 3D model is an invaluable asset for your entire process, from sales through completion.

Simply put, aerial measurements cannot compare to the accuracy and detail available with Sky Roof Measure’s timely, convenient features. Save time and money and surpass your client’s expectations when you base your projects on Sky Roof Measure measurements and models.

Satellite roof measurements

Remote Aerial Roof Measurement is Here Today

It’s true that the nail gun didn’t replace the hammer. That said, no professional is going to attempt to put on a roof without an air compressor nearby. The same can be said for measuring roofs from your desk… it’ll never replace a measuring tape completely but it sure gives you a head start. Please, take a moment to learn how Sky Roof Measure can improve your bottom line while keeping you off unprofitable roofs. Aerial roof measurements are here. Now is the time to save time, money, and allow your business to run at a much higher profit margin.

roof blueprint

Aerial Estimation

We offer aerial roof measurement services, 3D aerial roof estimation reports to roofing companies including satellite images, Length, area, pitch measurements. We provide accurate 3D satellite roof measurements, aerial roof measurements, roofing reports for USA Canada roofers companies, insurance adjusters.

Our aerial roof measurement reports are drafted by expert CAD technicians and reviewed by a quality assurance professional, certifying absolute data accuracy on every report. Precision is paramount at Skyroofmeasure, and that’s how we guarantee a 99% or better accuracy rate on every plane, eave, rake, ridge, hip and valley. Be confident in your bids, and submit estimates that align to your profit goals.

 

Satellite Roof Measurements: Features of a Roof Report

  • Accurate Roof Pitch Measurements
  • Roof Measurements including AreaRakesRidgesHips, and Valleys and every edge is separately measured and identified.
  • CAD style drawings with colored lines identifying every type of roof edge
  • Online access to your Roof Reports for your Employees, Subs, and Suppliers with no software to install
  • Multiple image providers for over 99% coverage of the USA & Canada
  • Also supports file formats such as XML, RFX, DFX/DWG, AND WRL

In most areas of the United States, a satellite image provided by Skyroofmeasure of a home’s rooftop is perfectly suitable as your basis for a complete and accurate roof measurement. Skyroofmeasure has integrated this technology into a simple user design. Search by address in the Skyroofmeasure app; click to open the satellite view and zoom right in. Now, just trace the linear features of the roof, which instantly calculates precise measurements. Now you’re ready to see a detailed report with the press of a button. It’s all there, the total square footage, roof squares, waste factors, and professional roof diagrams. In no time, you’ll master this simple application with your tablet or smartphone. Get ready to work more efficiently and more profitably!

We use satellite technology to generate your estimate automatically, empowering you with exact measurements that you can then use to choose materials without wasting money.

If you use a contractor, they’ll charge you to take the measurements then inflate prices on materials. So, you pay for the measurements and then you pay MORE for the materials.

Aerial Roof Measurement

Aerial Roof Measurement

WHAT IS AERIAL ROOF MEASUREMENTS?

  • A system that permits the remote measurement of the size, geometry, pitch and direction of the roof sections of a building and afterward utilizes the information to give an estimate to repair or replace the roof, or to install equipment consequently.
  • The system includes an aerial image record database that shows aerial images of buildings in an assigned region as per address. The slope and direction images are ordinarily oblique viewpoint perspectives and top plan views on the buildings in the area.
  • The system likewise includes an image analysis and calibration feature that enables the viewer to closely estimate the size, geometry and direction of the building’s roof sections. The information would then be able to be utilized to set up a quote for the repair or replacement of the roof or installation of roof equipment.
  • By essentially contributing the expected client’s location, the company can decide the size, geometry, pitch and direction of the roof areas of the building at that address, and afterward rapidly give a precise estimate to the client.

ESTIMATE QUICKER BY ADOPTING AERIAL ROOF MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGY

  • Most roofers know the advantages of utilizing aerial roofing measurements for their roofing jobs. Services like Sky Roof Measure give the most accurate roofing measurements, just as eliminating of the requirement for sales reps to climb a stepping stool to get those measurements. These aerial roof estimation services save time in two different ways: they reduce the amount of time spent on a place of work, and they make it more likely that your estimates will be accurate. Any roofer who isn’t now utilizing aerial roof measurements can start to estimate quicker by adopting this estimation or measurement technology.
  • If you use roofing software like Sky roof Measure, you can save much additional time with your aerial roof estimation technology and smooth out the estimation cycle significantly further. Sky roof Measure permitting you to arrange estimation reports straightforwardly from the software platform. With the Sky roof Measure application that carries the product to your cell phone, this implies you can arrange your reports directly from the place of work, from your car, or anyplace you will be—you don’t need to hold up until you return to the workplace.
  • Requesting aerial roof measurements directly from Sky roof Measures likewise implies that those measurements are put away straightforwardly in the stage. You don’t need to move the reports into Sky roof Measures—you can connect them with a vocation, access them from anyplace, and use them all through the stage. In addition to the fact that you are save time by requesting measurements any place you are, you’re likewise save time by keeping the estimation data in a single, centralized, and effectively open area.

VALUE OF AERIAL ROOF MEASUREMENTS

  • Aerial estimations have been a part of the restoration business giving exact roof measurements now to more than five years. Leading restoration contractors are experiencing huge advantages by grasping these technologies and figuring out how to utilize them to develop profits and revenue. They are adjusting and joining aerial roof measurement technology and experiencing high levels of ROI all through the roofing cycle by remembering it for all aspects of the job, for example, marketing, sales, production and warranty.
  • In addition to the marketing benefits, aerial measurement technology allows contractors to increase production efficiencies and invest more time with the land owner to really understand their necessities. The time that we would have spent measuring these buildings would now be able to be diverted into visiting with the customer, understanding their needs and precisely reporting what was influenced by the episode.
  • Safety is another key zone where contractors are seeing advantages. In a situation where a building
    has been damaged, there are extraordinary risks involved with climbing a potentially unsafe structure. It lessens the liability of climbing damaged roof and permits the contractors to simply check and document damage by taking images.
  • These reports can be utilized all through the whole roofing activity life-cycle to improve gainfulness by and large for contractors. For example, numerous contractors report increased efficiencies in material requesting. The measurements are accurate so it helps contractors with exact material requests. Not any more stressing over and under, no additionally restocking charges from wholesalers and no materials sent back to the bone yard. This all leads to an increase in effectiveness which thus supports work benefits.